The value of each RADIUS attribute has a well-defined data
ClearBox Server distinguishes five basic value types that may be
a number (possibly with a set of named values), binary or text
string, IP or IPX address, date/time.
For example, Callback-Number is of string type and contains
a telephone number. NAS-Port-Type is an integer item, and
its numeric values have alises 'Sync', 'Async', and so forth. Some
attributes may have Tag field to provide a means of grouping
attributes in the same packet.
Further information on this page is about RADIUS authorization.
In addition to IETF-specified standard attributes, the RFC
allowed for vendors to create their own, for specific
authentication and accounting settings for their own equipment.
This is managed using attribute number 26 - any packet with this
attribute ID will have another AV pair nested within it, that will
mean something to the RADIUS client and server in use, although not
every RADIUS implementation may understand it.
Examples of these Vendor Specific Attributes (VSAs) include the
Bay-Primary-DNS-Server (the value is an IP address) for Nortel
equipment, the Microsoft MS-MPPE-Encryption-Type (an integer) or
Cisco's CVPN3000-IPSec-Sec-Association (a string) - there are
Sadly, RFC 2865 doesn't require the contents of the RADIUS
vendor- specific attribute to contain the same fields as normal
attributes have to specify their attribute ID and length. This has
led to varieties like 2- and 4-octet attribute numbers, length
specifications that don't include the attribute- and length fields,
multiple vendor attributes inside one encapsulating attribute 26,
etc. Luckily, ClearBox Server can receive and send all
these types of attributes.
Attributes may be single- or multi-valued; in other words,
certain attributes may appear at most once in the Check list or
Response list, while others may appear multiple times. (Read more
about Check lists and Response
If an attribute appears more than once in the Check list, this
means that any of the values is valid. For example, ClearBox may be
configured to include both Sync and Async values for
attribute NAS-Port-Type in the Check list. This means that
the user can dial into a Sync port or an Async port, but not into
one of the ISDN ports.
If an attribute appears more than once in the Response list,
this results in each value of the attribute being sent as part of
the response packet. For example, to enable both IP and IPX header
compression for a user, the Framed-Compression attribute
should appear twice in the Response list; once with the value
'VJ-TCP-IP-header-compression' and once with the value
Certain multi-valued Response list attributes are also
orderable; that is, the attribute may appear more than once in a
RADIUS response, and the order in which the attributes appear is
For example, the Reply-Message attribute allows text
messages to be sent back to the user for display. A multi-line
message is sent by including this attribute multiple times in the
Response list, with each line of the message in its proper
RADIUS Attributes Reference
List of standard RADIUS attributes can be found here.
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